`12 + 4 > 16` | `5.2 - 1.2 <= 2.0+2` | `2*3-4 == 1+1` |

false | true | true |

What do you imagine is the result of evaluating the Boolean expression:

4.0/3.0 == 1.0 + 1.0/3.0

Probably you think that it is *true*.
Possibly it is.
But not certainly.
Floating point arithmetic is not exact.
Never trust an "exactly equals" comparison with floats.
The problem is that some numbers require an unlimited number of bits
to be represented exactly.
For these numbers,
even a 64 bit `double`

is not exact.

You are familiar with this situation with paper-and-pencil arithmetic. For example, is the following true?

1.0/3.0 == 0.3333333

This is not true.
The decimal on the right is only an approximation.
With more decimal places the approximation gets better,
but it is never exactly equal to the fraction.
The same occurs with Java (and all other computer programming languages).
For example,
the following might come out to be *false*:

1.0/10.0 == 0.1

Sometimes when unquestionable precision is needed,
integer arithmetic is used.
This is one reason why Java has 64 bit `long`

integers.

What is the output of the following:

class DecimalFraction { public static void main (String[] args) { float x = 1.0f; // 1.0f means 1.0 float float y = 10.0f; if ( x/y == 0.1 ) System.out.println("Buy the cookie!" ); else System.out.println("No cookie for you."); } }