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Answer:

The user has entered characters from the keyboard which are then transformed into primitive numeric types.

Numeric Input

The same method is used for numeric input using a redirected input file. The program is written to do numeric input from the keyboard, then connected to a data file by redirection. Here is a program that adds up two integers entered from the keyboard:

import java.util.Scanner;
class AddTwo
{
  public static void main ( String[] args ) 
  {
    int numberA, numberB;
    Scanner scan = new Scanner( System.in );

    System.out.print("Enter first number: ");
    numberA = scan.nextInt();

    System.out.print("Enter second number: ");
    numberB = scan.nextInt();

    System.out.println( "Sum: " + (numberA + numberB) );
  }
}

Here is its normal operation:

C:/users/default/JavaLessons>java AddTwo
Enter first number: 12
Enter second number: 7
Sum: 19

QUESTION 8:

Why are there parentheses around (numberA + numberB) ?