-20, 19, 1, 27, 5, -1, 27, 19, 5
A systematic procedure used to compute something is called an algorithm. The procedure described in the answer is an algorithm for finding the maximum of a list. An algorithm is a description of how to do something. It is not tied to any particular language. For example, you (possibly) followed the above algorithm when you mentally examined the list. An algorithm can be implemented in any computer programming language. Here is the above algorithm implemented in Java:
max should be initialized to a value that is
guaranteed to be no larger than the maximum element of the array.
A program should always work correctly, regardless of the quirks of the data.
Don't make assumptions about what the data look like.
(The initializer list is only for a convenience in this example;
a typical program would get its data from the user or from a file.)
Fill in the blank so that
max is initialized to a value
that is guaranteed to be no larger than the maximum element of the array,
no matter what values are in the initializer list.