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Answer:

size: 0
new size: 3
element 0: Amy
element 1: Bob
element 2: Cindy

Setting ArrayList Elements

The add (E elt) method adds to the end of a ArrayList. Sometimes you want to change the data at a particular index.

set( int index, E elt )

The data previously at index is replaced with reference. The index should be in the range 0 to size-1. An IndexOutOfBoundsException is thrown if the index is out of bounds. (For now, this means that the program will halt.)

The index must be in the range 0 to size-1, which are the indexes of cells already occupied. This method can't "skip over" empty cells when it adds an element. It can't be used to make a list that has gaps in it.


import java.util.* ;

class ArrayListEgThree
{

  public static void main ( String[] args)
  {
    // Create an ArrayList that holds references to String
    ArrayList<String> names = new ArrayList<String>();

    // Add Object references
    names.add("Amy");
    names.add("Bob");
    names.add("Cindy");
       
    // Access and print out the Objects
    for ( int j=0; j<names.size(); j++ )
      System.out.println("element " + j + ": " + names.get(j) );

    // Replace "Amy" with "Zoe"
    names.set(0, "Zoe");

    System.out.println();
    // Access and print out the Objects
    for ( int j=0; j<names.size(); j++ )
      System.out.println("element " + j + ": " + names.get(j) );
    
  }
}

The program first builds a list of three elements, then replaces the element at index zero.

QUESTION 12:

What does the program print out?

slot 0:
slot 1:
slot 2:

slot 0:
slot 1:
slot 2: